History of Slavery In Missouri

The history of large-scale slavery in the State of Missouri began in 1720, when a man named Philippe François Renault brought about 500 Negro slaves from Saint-Domingue to work in lead mines near the Rivière des Pères, a river located in the present-day St. Louis and Jefferson counties. Prior to that date, slavery in Missouri under French colonial rule had been practiced on a much smaller scale, as compared to elsewhere in the French colonies.

The institution of slavery only became prominent in the area following two major events: the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the invention of the cotton gin by Eli Whitney (1793). This led to the westward migration of slave-owning settlers into the area of present-day Missouri and Arkansas, then known as Upper Louisiana. The majority of slave owners in Missouri had moved from worn-out agricultural lands of North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia. However, the spread of cotton cultivation was limited to the southerly area, near the border with present-day Arkansas. Slavery in the other areas of Missouri was concentrated in other major crops and agricultural industries, such as tobacco, hemp, grain, and livestock. A number of slaves were hired out as stevedores, cabin boys, or deckhands for the ferries of the Mississippi River.

1860, only 36 counties in Missouri had 1,000 or more slaves, male slaves fetched a price of up to $1,300.  In the State Auditor’s 1860 report, the total value of all slaves in Missouri was estimated at approximately $44,181,912 USD.

Missouri’s gthreeriverseography is highly varied. The northern part of the state lies in dissected till plains and the southern portion lies in the Ozark Mountains (a dissected plateau), with the Missouri River dividing the regions. The state lies at the intersection of the three greatest rivers of the United States, with the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers near St. Louis, and the confluence of the Ohio River with the Mississippi north of the Bootheel.  The starting points for the Pony Express, Santa Fe Trail, and Oregon Trail were all located in Missouri as well.


Hayti Missouri

hayti mo map

Hayti is a city in Pemiscot County, located in the southeastern corner in the Bootheel of Missouri, USA and was founded in 1894.  It was named after the country of Haiti.  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.31 square miles (5.98 km2), of which 2.30 square miles (5.96 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water and is located north of the junction of Interstate 55 and U.S. Route 412.